Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Sida

La complexité de la violence : Analyse critique des violences sexuelles en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC)

Upphovspersoner: Eriksson Baaz, Maria | Stern, Maria
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Sida
År: 2011
Ämnesord: Conflits, Violence contre les femmes, Abus sexuels, Victimes, Délinquants, Militaires, Forces armées, Relations entre les sexes, Condition de la femme, Violations des droits de l’homme, Viol, Réconciliation, République démocratique du Congo, Political science, Statsvetenskap
Ce rapport est basé sur une étude de cas originale, incluant des entretiens extensifs avec les forces armées en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). En explorant de manière critique et remettant en question de manière convaincante les stéréotypes existants et récits sur les violences sexuelles dans des lieux de conflit, les auteurs mettent en lumière le besoin d’une compréhension nuancée des violences basées sur le genre, ainsi que ses victimes invisibles. Leur analyse va au-delà des explications réductrices qui distinguent les violences sexuelles d’autres formes de violences qui affectent les sociétés déchirées par la guerre et hantent les contextes d’après-guerre. Ainsi nous apportent-elles des enseignements très importants sur les circonstances dans lequelles les violences sexuelles se produisent.

Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa : state of the art literature review

Upphovspersoner: Waldron, Sidney | Hasci, Naima A.
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Sida
År: 1995
Ämnesord: Somalia, East Africa, Refugees, Civil War, Literature surveys, Repatriation, Refugee camps, Refugee aid, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
The disaster of the serious refugee situation in the horn of Africa following the internal strife of Somalia, has been in focus for Swedish assistance for many years. SIDA has, in collaboration with the Nordic Africa Institute, commissioned the Refugee Studies Programme at the University of Oxford to summarize available information from research, studies and evaluations with reference to this particular area. The result is presented in this third issue of "Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief".

Liberia - the eye of the storm : a review of the literature on internally displaced, refugees and returnees

Upphovsperson: Nilsson, Desirée
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Sida
År: 2003
Ämnesord: conflicts, Refugees, Living conditions, Humanitarian assistance, Liberia, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
One of the most prominent, and from a humanitarian and human rights perspective most troubling aspects of internal conflicts during recent years is the plight of the internally displaced persons, and refugees. Forced to leave their homes in search of refuge, internally displaced persons often find themselves with little protection, with unclear rights, and without safe livelihoods. While their most important support generally comes from the communities receiving them, which often have very few resources, international humanitarian organisations have not been able to agree on clear mandates with regard to who should have the overall responsibility for assisting them. Although the international community is better organised to care for those who have crossed borders and become refugees, it is still struggling to finetune and coordinate available aid instruments and to mobilize sufficient resources in order to facilitate their post-conflict return, resettlement and reintegration. As this literature review of internally displaced persons, refugees and returnees shows in relation to Liberia, there are ongoing conflicts where we lack sufficient understanding of migration patterns and the socio-economic conditions of the displaced, an understanding which is a prerequisite for designing appropriate preventive and mitigating action. This review also highlights the severe lack of protection of civilians in Liberia, children in particular, which leads to forced recruitments to local armed groups as well as exposure to sexual violence.

Internally displaced, refugees and returnees from and in the Sudan : a review

Upphovsperson: Nilsson, Desirée
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Sida
År: 2000
Ämnesord: Sudan, East africa, Refugees, Return migration, Research, Literature surveys, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
The Sudan has been at war since independence intermitted only by a brief period of peace that lasted for a decade. The civil war that has been ravaging the country as well as the conflicts in the neighbouring countries have contributed to the difficult problem of population displacement in the region. Sweden has for many years contributed disaster relief to the Sudan. The Swedish humanitarian development assistance directed to meet the needs of the Sudanese people is currently at a stable 70 million SEK. It is very important to take into account the experiences gained on population displacement in order to prevent more disasters from taking place but also to improve the assistance given to the people who have already left their homes. With this aim, the Swedish Government has just adopted a new strategy for humanitarian assistance to Sudan, focusing on protection for the internally displaced, particularly women and children. State of the art reviews concerning refugees and the displaced in Mozambique and Somalia have previously been published by the Nordic Africa Institute and Sida within the series Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief. This report is another contribution within that series and it will hopefully serve as a source to some of the research on population displacement from and in the Sudan. The report comprises a review of the literature and includes comments on priorities for future research.