HIV and Income Inequality: If there is a link, what does it tell us?

Upphovsperson: Holmqvist, Göran
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration | Brasilia : IPC
År: 2009
Språk: eng
Relation: International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth/IPC Working Paper, 1812-108X ; 54
Ämnesord: Income inequality, Hiv, economics, Nationalekonomi, Infectious diseases, Infektionssjukdomar
Identifikator: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-1123
Rättigheter: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
There is a striking variation in the prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among countries and regions of the world, with a distinct geographical pattern. This paper explores the link between income inequality and HIV. It presents empirical evidence—a meta-study and additional cross-country regression results—that clearly support the argument that such a link exists. The interpretation of this link is an open issue. Four different hypotheses are discussed, each one pointing out a transit route from income inequality to HIV. The paper presents preliminary evidence on these routes and identifies potential areas for future research.