Caught between state censorship and self-censorship . Prosecution and intimidation of media workers in Myanmar
|Ämnesord:||Burma, Journalister, Media, Censur, Yttrandefrihet, Mänskliga rättigheter, censorship, Journalism|
Rapporten visar att myndigheterna, trots allt tal om att Burma sedan 2011 har öppnat sig för omvärlden, använder samma gamla beprövade metoder för att skrämma medierna och inskränka yttrandefriheten.
Idag sitter minst tio journalister i fängelse, samtliga har fängslats de senaste tolv månaderna och samtliga är samvetsfångar.
The political, economic and social reforms announced by President Thein Sein in March 2011 have transformed the climate for media workers in Myanmar.The lifting of pre-publication censorship, the release of imprisoned journalists and greater space for freedom of expression have seen the development of an increasingly vibrant and diverse media.
However, despite these reforms, journalists and other media workers in Myanmar have faced increasing restrictions as they try to carry out their work. In particular, those deemed critical of the government and the Myanmar Army, or who report on subjects which the government or army consider sensitive, can face intimidation, harassment, imprisonment and even death.
During 2014, at least 11 media workers were imprisoned in connection with their peaceful journalistic activities, while others reported direct threats, surveillance, restrictions on access to certain areas of the country, and the use of defamation lawsuits to stifle critical or independent reporting.
In October 2014, one journalist was killed by soldiers while held in military custody, in an egregious example of the risks media workers continue to face.