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Journalism

Hårdkokta deckare i Kuba och USA, dubbla måttstockar

Upphovspersoner: José Manzaneda | Eva Björklund
Utgivare: Svensk-Kubanska Föreningen
Tidskrift/källa: Tidskriften Kuba
År: 2012
Ämnesord: Kuba, Spanien, Litteratur, Samhällskritik, Deckare, Journalism, Opinionsbildning
Det stora dragplåstret på 13:e Deckarfestivalen ”Svarta Barcelona”, med 106 manliga och en kvinnlig författare, var USAs James Ellroy, som förärades deckarpriset ”Pepe Carvalho” 2018. Mest sensationellt uppmärksammad medialt blev dock Kubas Leonardo Padura, dock bara politiskt. I James Ellroys USA-skildringar av våld, korruption, polisbrutalitet, organiserad brottslighet anade medierna ingen samhällskritik, medan Padura enbart lästes politiskt, som ”oppositionell” i ”Ett land som ”stinker av korruption och elände”.







Caught between state censorship and self-censorship . Prosecution and intimidation of media workers in Myanmar

Utgivare: Amnesty International
År: 2015
Ämnesord: Burma, Journalister, Media, Censur, Yttrandefrihet, Mänskliga rättigheter, censorship, Journalism
I takt med att de nationella valen, som ska hållas i november 2015, närmar sig ökar de burmesiska myndigheternas tillslag för att tysta kritiska röster. Oberoende redaktioner utsätts för hot och journalister trakasseras och fängslas, säger Amnesty International i sin rapport.

Rapporten visar att myndigheterna, trots allt tal om att Burma sedan 2011 har öppnat sig för omvärlden, använder samma gamla beprövade metoder för att skrämma medierna och inskränka yttrandefriheten.
Idag sitter minst tio journalister i fängelse, samtliga har fängslats de senaste tolv månaderna och samtliga är samvetsfångar.
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The political, economic and social reforms announced by President Thein Sein in March 2011 have transformed the climate for media workers in Myanmar.The lifting of pre-publication censorship, the release of imprisoned journalists and greater space for freedom of expression have seen the development of an increasingly vibrant and diverse media.
However, despite these reforms, journalists and other media workers in Myanmar have faced increasing restrictions as they try to carry out their work. In particular, those deemed critical of the government and the Myanmar Army, or who report on subjects which the government or army consider sensitive, can face intimidation, harassment, imprisonment and even death.

During 2014, at least 11 media workers were imprisoned in connection with their peaceful journalistic activities, while others reported direct threats, surveillance, restrictions on access to certain areas of the country, and the use of defamation lawsuits to stifle critical or independent reporting.
In October 2014, one journalist was killed by soldiers while held in military custody, in an egregious example of the risks media workers continue to face.

Media, public discourse and political contestation in Zimbabwe

Upphovsperson: Melber, Henning
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2004
Ämnesord: Civil rights, Freedom of information, Journalism, Mass media, political development, Press, Zimbabwe, Political science, Statsvetenskap
The current situation in Zimbabwe under the ZANU-PF government shows increasing signs of abuse of power by those in political control. They also direct their desire to suppress criticism towards the media. Press organs in private ownership have been closed down and journalists have been physically harassed, arrested and expelled. Laws are abused to regulate and manipulate public opinion by a policy of banning. Worldwide condemnation of the growing restrictions upon the freedom of expression goes hand in hand with the protests inside the country against the growing tendencies of totalitarian rule. Current events are critically reflected upon and the background to these developments is summarised in this publication. It is based on some of the contributions to a recent conference on Zimbabwe organised by the Nordic Africa Institute and offers insights into the contested space of public opinion in Zimbabwe. The critical analyses of current developments are there-by complemented with particular reference to the media sector in the ongoing battle for hegemonic control over the public sphere.