Aid programmes

Academics on the Move : Mobility and Institutional Change in the Swedish Development Support to Research Capacity Building in Mozambique

Upphovspersoner: Fellesson, Måns | Mählck, Paula
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links |
År: 2013
Ämnesord: Higher education, Aid programmes, Capacity building, Research and development, Career development, Labour mobility, gender equality, Mozambique
In the competitive global knowledge economy, highly qualified individuals are increasingly recognised as being the key to development. In particular, doctorate holders are not only the most qualified in terms of educational attainment, but also those specifically trained to be at the forefront of innovation and in a position to drive advances in science, technology and knowledge of society. In developing countries with relatively weak research structures, not least with regard to PhD graduates, the training of PhDs has been intimately linked to the reproduction of human capacity in national research systems. This study examines the mobility of PhD graduates funded under the Swedish development aid program to build institutional research capacity in Mozambique from 1990 to 2013. Principal areas of investigation are extent and direction of geographic, sectoral and vertical mobility, perception and individual rationales for mobility and career choices and experience of the so-called "sandwich model".

Urban environmental health and hygiene in sub-Saharan Africa

Upphovspersoner: Nordberg, Erik | Winblad, Uno
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1994
Ämnesord: Water supply, Sanitation, Hygiene, Health services, Toilets, Urban areas, Aid programmes, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
A study of environmental hygiene problems in urban low-income areas in Africa. Urban shantytowns with extreme crowding, poor housing and unsanitary environmental conditions are growing problems. The authors mean that development assistance organizations must pay attention to these problems in urban areas, where in a few decades about half of the people in most developing areas will reside.