Demography and the development potential of sub-Saharan Africa

Upphovsperson: Malmberg, Bo
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2008
Språk: eng
Relation: Current Africa Issues, 0280-2171 ; 38
Ämnesord: Demography, Demographic transition, demographic change, Population growth, Development potential, Economic and social development, Demographic analysis, Demographic statistics, Africa South of Sahara, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
Identifikator: urn:isbn:978-91-7106-629-9
Rättigheter: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Population growth in Africa has laid the foundation for the eventual development of a prosperous region. Since the 1950s, sub-Saharan Africa has doubled its population twice over to become one of the most populous regions in the world. If sub-Saharan Africa succeeds in taking advantage of this population potential, the sub-continent could become a major player in the world economy. A major reason sub-Saharan Africa remains poor is the very high child-dependency arising from a very high total fertility rate, and low life expectancy based on both high infant mortality and high adult mortality rates. Reduced mortality and lower fertility are key requirements if sub-Saharan Africa is to enter a development trajectory that makes possible increasing per capita incomes and reductions in poverty.