The Zimbabwean Nation-State Project : A Historical Diagnosis of Identity and Power-based Conflicts in a Postcolonial State

Upphovsperson: Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Sabelo J.
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation | Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2011
Ämnesord: Zimbabwe, nationalism, State, Political conflicts, political development, Political leadership, Elite, Ethnicity, National identity, Nation-building, Post-colonialism, Political science, Statsvetenskap
This Discussion Paper draws attention to the often overlooked aspects of the limits, poverty and contradictions embedded in the “unfinished business” of the Zimbabwe nation state project. It is located within the broader context of the crisis of the nation-state in an African continent increasingly buffeted by waves of globalisation. It also revisits the debate on whether postcolonial nationalism can completely avoid reproducing the racial and ethnic discrimination that characterised its colonial past. Zeroing in on Zimbabwe, the paper argues that the nation-state crisis has roots in the legacy of settler colonialism, the ethnic fragmentation that marked the history of the liberation movement and the character of the nationalist elite. Its critique of the politics of the nationalist and political elite, the Lancaster House Agreement, the National Democratic Revolution and the Global Political Agreement makes this paper an important contribution to the debates on the real legacy of the liberation struggle in Zimbabwe and the prospects for a common national identity based on nationalism, social justice, inclusive democracy and development in the country.

Playing with identities in contemporary music in Africa

Medarbetare: Palmberg, Mai | Kirkegaard, Annemette
Utgivare: Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet ; Sibelius Museum; Dept. of Musicology, Åbo Academy University
År: 2002
Ämnesord: cultural identity, music, popular culture, South Africa, Uganda, Cape Verde, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Ivory Coast, Senegal, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
The musics of Africa play a particularly important role in expressing and forming identities. This book brings together African and Nordic scholars from both musicology and other disciplines in an attempt to analyse various aspects of the complex playing with volatile identities in music in Africa today. Taken together the papers put new light on the assumed or real dichotomies between countryside and city, collective and individual, tradition and modernity, authentic and alien. The papers are based on contributions for a conference organised by the research project "Cultural Images in and of Africa" of the Nordic Africa Institute together with the Sibelius Museum/Department of Musicology and the Centre for Continuing Education at Åbo Akademi University in Åbo (Turku), Finland in Oct. 2000. The book includes a keynote speech by Christopher Waterman (UCLA), and an introduction by Annemette Kirkegaard, Copenhagen University. Both Southern, West and East Africa are represented in the studies, which cover a great variety of musics.

Balancing rocks : environment and development in Zimbabwe

Medarbetare: Lopes, Carlos
Utgivare: Harare : SAPES Books; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1996
Ämnesord: Zimbabwe, Southern Africa, Environment, Economic development, Demography, Sustainable development, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
Environment has become a major factor in development, as part of a global awareness on the need to either change or sustain current trends. Balancing Rocks tackles the environment issues affecting Zimbabwe, their consequences and solutions. The book is the first empirical attempt to assess Zimbabwe's environmental linkages to development on a sectoral basis and with the intention of reviewing policy for the future. It is a useful tool for all those interested in a discussion that goes beyond narrow academic or political agendas, and understand that environment and development are fragile "balancing rocks".

Författarnas Afrika/Writers Africa with Zimbabwean author Petina Gappah in conversation with Stefan Helgesson, literary scholar from Stockholm University

Upphovsperson: Gappah, Petina
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2010
Ämnesord: Women, authors, authors, Zimbabwe, literature, literature, Litteraturvetenskap
Petina Gappah is a writer with law degrees from Cambridge, Graz University, and the University of Zimbabwe. She was one of the featured writers at this year’s Gothenburg Book Fair. Gappah's debut short story collection, An Elegy for Easterly (2009), was awarded the Guardian First Book Award and the collection was published in Swedish by Albert Bonniers Förlag in 2010. Its Swedish title is 'Sorgesång för Easterly'.

Reconsidering informality : perspectives from urban Africa

Upphovspersoner: Hansen, Karen Tranberg | Vaa, Mariken
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2004
Ämnesord: Informal sector, Hidden economy, Employment, Land use, Livelihood, Urban areas, Urban planning, Urban housing, Congo-Brazzaville, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Social anthropology, Socialantropologi
This book brings together two bodies of research on urban Africa that have tended to be separate: Studies of urban land use and housing, and studies of work and livelihoods. Africa’s future will be to an increasing extent urban. Nevertheless, the inherited legal, institutional and financial arrangements for managing urban development are inadequate. The recent decades of neo-liberal political and economic reforms have increased social inequality across urban space. Access to employment, shelter and services is precarious for most urban residents. Extra-legal housing and unregistered economic activities proliferate. Basic urban services are increasingly provided informally. The result is the phenomenal growth of the informal city and extra-legal activities. How do urban residents see these activities? What do they accomplish through them? How can these “informal” cities be governed? The case studies are drawn from a diverse set of cities on the African continent. A central theme is how practices that from an official standpoint are illegal or extra-legal do not only work but are considered legitimate by the actors concerned. Another is how the informal city is not exclusively the domain of the poor, but also provides shelter and livelihoods for better-off segments of the urban population.  

Restructuring or de-industrializing? : Zimbabwe's textile and metal industries under structural adjustment

Upphovsperson: Sachikonye, Lloyd M.
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1999
Ämnesord: Zimbabwe, Southern Africa, Metal Industry, Textile Industry, Structural Adjustment, Business and economics, Ekonomi
This report is a contribution to the growing literature on the impact of structural adjustment on the manufacturing sector in Africa and it has the distinction of being one of the first longitudinal surveys assessing the experience of Zimbabwean manufacturers under the country's economic structural adjustment programme (ESAP) from 1990 to 1995. It documents the detailed experiences of selected textile and metal firms under ESAP and concludes that the adjustment framework has caused deindustrialization. ESAP also took a heavy toll on the living and working conditions of manufacturing sector workers. The report makes a strong case for the abandonment of the orthodox structural adjustment framework of industrial restructuring and the pursuit of an alternative approach that is more favourable to the local accumulation of capital.

Voting with their feet : migrant Zimbabwean nurses and doctors in the era of structural adjustment

Upphovsperson: Gaidzanwa, Rudo B.
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1999
Ämnesord: Zimbabwe, Southern Africa, Medical personnel, Labour Migration, Structural Adjustment, Business and economics, Ekonomi
This research report examines the ways in which medical professionals have responded to the changing environment of work and livelihood in Zimbabwe since the adoption of a structural adjustment programme. Of particular interest are those doctors and nurses who took a decision to migrate from Zimbabwe to Botswana and South Africa in search of "greener" pastures.