China and India, "rising powers" and African development : challenges and opportunities

Upphovsperson: Roy, Sumit
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links | Uppsala, Sweden
År: 2014
Ämnesord: Africa, China, India, Globalization, economic development, international trade, investment, international economic relations, International relations, development, Sustainable development, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Angola, Southern Africa, Eastern Africa, case studies, Political science, Statsvetenskap, economics, Nationalekonomi
In this report, the challenges and opportunities arising from the growing ties between two key “Rising Powers,” China and India, and Africa are more fully explored. This trend has given rise to speculative, exaggerated and ideological responses and a mixture of anxiety and hope. What is needed is an interdisciplinary political economy study to investigate the ways in which global, regional and national linkages in the relationship impact on the prospects of sustainable development in Africa. The necessity for this is underscored by the growing influence of the BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in reshaping the world.In this frame, the focus is on the nature of the shift in China’s and India’s strategic vision of Africa in terms of politics, ideology and economic development. This shift impinges on trade and investment and, in turn, the scope for inducing structural economic change in the context of colonial and postcolonial tensions. Comparative observation of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, particularly Ethiopia in the former, illustrates their capacity to cope with the new powers. This is a critical aspect of the continent’s complex interplay with states and institutions within and beyond its borders. Ultimately, African nations have to individually and collectively confront the challenges and opportunities stemming from their evolving relationships with these Rising Powers.

Ideology as a determinant of economic systems : Nyerere and ujamaa in Tanzania

Upphovspersoner: Hedlund, Stefan | Lundahl, Mats
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1989
Ämnesord: Tanzania, East Africa, Ideologies, Socialism, Economic systems, Ujamaa, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
Incentives are not always of an economic kind, Stefan Hedlund and Mats Lundahl stress in this study of the role of ideology in Tanzanian development. The first part of the study offers a general discussion of the relation of goals, incentives and ideology in the economic systems context. the role of incentives in economic systems is presented. a classification of systems according to their goal structure is made. Ideology as a system determinant and the connection between ideology and incentives are discussed. The second part deals with the emergence of Nyerere's concept of African socialism and how this ideology influenced the incentive structure in the Tanzanian economy after the Arusha Declaration in 1967. The third and final part discusses the practical problems of implementing the economic strategy dictated by the socialist ideology in connection with the ujamaa drive and the subsequent villagization program.

Tanzania : the limits to development from above

Upphovsperson: Havnevik, Kjell
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Mkuki na Nyota Publ., Tanzania
År: 1993
Ämnesord: Rufiji District, Tanzania, Stiegler's Gorge, Tanzania, East Africa, State intervention, Agricultural production, Dams, Hydroelectric power, Development models, Structural adjustment, Business and economics, Ekonomi
The people of Tanzania have been subjected to a development from above, often implemented by force by the colonial and post-colonial state and advocated by external donor agencies, the IMF and the World Bank. This has resulted in a state-dominated, externally dependent and undemocratic society. This book aims at documenting peasant's response to state intervention, built on a case study of Rufiji district in Tanzania.

Re-thinking sexualities in Africa

Medarbetare: Arnfred, Signe
Utgivare: Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2004
Ämnesord: Women, gender relations, sexuality, Culture, Ghana, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, Tanzania, Social anthropology, Socialantropologi
The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

Haraka, haraka- : look before you leap

Medarbetare: Rwebangira, Magdalena K. | Liljeström, Rita
Utgivare: Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1998
Ämnesord: Tanzania, East Africa, Sociology, Youth, Sexuality, Pregnancy, Marriage, Education, Family law, Customary law, Child welfare, Gender, Sociology, Sociologi
A compilation of nine studies from the Reproductive Health Study Group at the University of Dar es Salaam. They highlight the erosion of customary institutions that regulate procreation and express the meaning of gender and marriage. They show the failure of modern education to prepare the young for gendered adulthood. A central tenet of the work is that without an understanding of the dynamics of local customs and attitudes as well as their significance to the people who hold them, change initiated from without becomes ineffective and unsustainable.

Report of the Presidential Commission of Inquiry into Land Matters. Vol. 1, Land policy and land tenure structure

Upphovsperson: Tanzania. Presidential Commission of Inquiry Into Land Matters,
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1994
Ämnesord: Tanzania, East Africa, Official documents, Land reform, Land tenure, Government policy, Land, Legislation, Recommendations, National policy, Political science, Statsvetenskap
A report from the Land Commission in Tanzania with the commission’s recommendations on land policy and land tenure structure. It consists of five parts; in the first the existing legal position is stated and discussed, in part two recommendations on a new land tenure structure are made, in part three some of the existing statutory law on land is reviewed, and suggestions on amendment are made, part four addresses the question of gender inequality in reference to inheritance, and part five looks at “Conservation, Environment and Habitat”.