Reconsidering informality : perspectives from urban Africa

Upphovspersoner: Hansen, Karen Tranberg | Vaa, Mariken
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2004
Ämnesord: Informal sector, Hidden economy, Employment, Land use, Livelihood, Urban areas, Urban planning, Urban housing, Congo-Brazzaville, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Social anthropology, Socialantropologi
This book brings together two bodies of research on urban Africa that have tended to be separate: Studies of urban land use and housing, and studies of work and livelihoods. Africa’s future will be to an increasing extent urban. Nevertheless, the inherited legal, institutional and financial arrangements for managing urban development are inadequate. The recent decades of neo-liberal political and economic reforms have increased social inequality across urban space. Access to employment, shelter and services is precarious for most urban residents. Extra-legal housing and unregistered economic activities proliferate. Basic urban services are increasingly provided informally. The result is the phenomenal growth of the informal city and extra-legal activities. How do urban residents see these activities? What do they accomplish through them? How can these “informal” cities be governed? The case studies are drawn from a diverse set of cities on the African continent. A central theme is how practices that from an official standpoint are illegal or extra-legal do not only work but are considered legitimate by the actors concerned. Another is how the informal city is not exclusively the domain of the poor, but also provides shelter and livelihoods for better-off segments of the urban population.  

Internally displaced, refugees and returnees from and in Mozambique

Upphovsperson: Wilson, Kenneth B.
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Stockholm : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet ; SIDA
År: 1994
Ämnesord: Mozambique, Southern Africa, Refugees, Displaced persons, Return migration, Research, Literature surveys, Labour migration, Housing, Housing construction, Refugee camps, Emergency shelter, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
Mozambique has an estimated population of 15 million people, and about two million of them are estimated to be refugees in neighbouring countries, three millions are "internally displaced" another million are dwelling temporarily in squatter camps, and around 300,000 are "returnees". This review includes both investigations of the causes and nature of the displacements and people's own survival strategies, as well as research on the nature and impact of assistance programmes.

Mozambique : a dream undone

Upphovsperson: Egerö, Bertil
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1987
Ämnesord: Mozambique, Southern Africa, Economic conditions, Liberation, Decolonization, Democracy, Socialism, Social participation, State participation, Political conditions, History, Post war, Political science, Statsvetenskap
This study is a penetrating insight into the historical process of formation of a new state; the steps taken to create the basis for a democratic development, and the forces working for economic modernisation through centralisation and advanced technology. The study centers on conflicts between these two approaches in a poor and illiterate society. It connects the pre-independence processes with the politically dynamic period up to the the Party Congress of 1983 and the Nkomati Agreement with South Africa. It links the macro-perspective of Maputo to the efforts and frustrations of the simple peasants in the north.

Measuring democracy and human rights in Southern Africa

Upphovspersoner: Davids, Yul Derek | Melber, Henning
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2002
Ämnesord: Democratisation, Liberation, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Southern Africa, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
Are there ways and means of measuring democracy and “good governance”? The contributions to this Discussion Paper present attempts to do this by means of surveys on democratic attitudes in Mozambique and Namibia respectively as well as by exploring the degree of commitment to and violation of human rights in a comparative perspective in Namibia and South Africa. They illustrate attitudes by offering empirical evidence of the preferences and views of local people, as well as by examining the track record of a human rights culture. In doing so, by going beyond a level of theoretical analysis, they offer concrete evidence of attitudes prevalent among both individuals and state agencies in societies of Southern Africa.

Humanitarian aid coordination during war and peace in Mozambique, 1985-1995

Upphovsperson: Barnes, Sam
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1998
Ämnesord: Mozambique, Southern Africa, Aid institutions, Emergency relief, Ethics, Humanitarian aid, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP
In addition to documenting the forms and mechanisms of aid coordination, this paper reveals how the UN often has worked against itself. The changing policies on the role of the UN in humanitarian crises are followed in the Mozambican context.