Political science

The security-development nexus : expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa

Medarbetare: Buur, Lars | Jensen, Steffen | Stepputat, Finn
Utgivare: Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; HSRC Press
År: 2007
Ämnesord: violence, Crime, Economic and social development, politics, Government policy, State, International relations, Peaceful coexistence, Citizenship, Human security, Regional security, South Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Political science, Statsvetenskap
The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

Legacies of power : leadership change and former presidents in African politics

Medarbetare: Southall, Roger | Melber, Henning
Utgivare: Cape Town : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; HSRC Press
År: 2006
Ämnesord: presidents in Africa, Political systems, presidential transitions, Political science, Statsvetenskap
It was a widely dominant perception until the early 1990's that African rulers do not vacate their office alive. But even in the brutal reality of African politics, transition takes place and different former presidents have dealt with how to maintain power and privilege very differently. With new case studies examining the post-presidential years of the iconic Mandela in South Africa, Daniel arap Moi in Kenya, Nyerere in Tanzania, Rawlings in Ghana, Charles Taylor in Liberia, as well as the experience of Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Malawi, and Nigeria, this volume examines the dilemmas which demands for presidential transitions impose upon incumbent rulers and analyses the relationships which are evolving between new regimes and their predecessors. The contributors discuss the hybridal political systems that exist in post-independence Africa; the role allotted to or pursued by former African presidents; transitional politics and justice, and political stability. The book stimulates careful further observation and analyses concerning progress in this contested arena of institutionalised political power in Africa.

African conflicts and Informal Power : Big Men and Networks

Medarbetare: Utas, Mats
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Zed Books
År: 2012
Ämnesord: Africa, conflicts, Foreign intervention, Dispute settlement, International politics, International relations, Post-conflict reconstruction, State, Local government, Political power, Informal sector, case studies, Political science, Statsvetenskap
Through a variety of indepth case studies – from DRC to Somalia to Liberia amongst others – this book shows how important informal political and economic networks are in many of the continent’s  conflict areas.

Democracy and People Power in Africa: still searching for the ‘political kingdom’

Upphovsperson: Cheru, Fantu
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration | Taylor and Francis
År: 2012
Ämnesord: Political science, Statsvetenskap
This article analyses current trends in the struggle for democracy in Africa, including the role of social movements. Such movements found early expression in the anti-colonial movement, while recent uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are reminiscent of the second liberation struggles of two decades earlier. The article undertakes a critical evaluation of emerging democratic forces in Africa, arguing that such a review is vital to the analysis of the trends in the struggles for people power, and explores strategies for avoiding the pitfalls that undermined earlier waves of democratisation in the continent, particularly that of the 1990s when initial euphoria led to uncritical acceptance of movements that were later found to be opportunistic and undemocratic. The article concludes by examining the conditions under which an ‘emanicipatory’ African national democratic project—defined by an increase in people's participation in authoritative resource allocation—can be initiated and sustained in the face of a deepening crisis of the current neoliberal world order.

From Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Upphovsperson: Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 2004
Ämnesord: DRC, Authoritarianism, Democratisation, legitimacy, politics, Political science, Statsvetenskap
This paper examines the political and social situation in the DRC since May 1997, together with the prospects for a successful political and social transition. Consistent with the deepest aspirations of the Congolese population, such a transition will succeed if it involves an irreversible development towards multiparty democracy and the full utilisation of the country’s immense resources for economic and social development. In other words, a successful transition is one in which basic freedoms and liberties will be guaranteed through democratic governance and the rule of law, with tangible improvements in living conditions.

Report of the Presidential Commission of Inquiry into Land Matters. Vol. 1, Land policy and land tenure structure

Upphovsperson: Tanzania. Presidential Commission of Inquiry Into Land Matters,
Utgivare: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet | Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
År: 1994
Ämnesord: Tanzania, East Africa, Official documents, Land reform, Land tenure, Government policy, Land, Legislation, Recommendations, National policy, Political science, Statsvetenskap
A report from the Land Commission in Tanzania with the commission’s recommendations on land policy and land tenure structure. It consists of five parts; in the first the existing legal position is stated and discussed, in part two recommendations on a new land tenure structure are made, in part three some of the existing statutory law on land is reviewed, and suggestions on amendment are made, part four addresses the question of gender inequality in reference to inheritance, and part five looks at “Conservation, Environment and Habitat”.

Authoritarianism, democracy and adjustment : the politics of economic reform in Africa

Medarbetare: Ofstad, Arve | Bangura, Yusuf | Gibbon, Peter
Utgivare: Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Chr. Michelsen Institute and United Nations Research Institute for Social Development ;
År: 1992
Ämnesord: Mozambique, Southern Africa, Nigeria, West Africa, Africa, Structural adjustment, Democracy, Economic policy, Economic reform, Political participation, Authoritarianism, Political science, Statsvetenskap
An invaluable introduction to the issues raised about the winners and losers of structural adjustment policies. The book raises new questions and serves as a research agenda for further exploration. It will be a standard work and is a stimulating introduction to political economy in Africa in the 1990s. Countries discussed include Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia and Mozambique.